Müllerian duct

Last revised by Dr Henry Knipe on 28 Feb 2020

The Müllerian ducts (or paramesonephric ducts) are paired ducts of mesodermal origin in the embryo. They run laterally down the side of the urogenital ridge and terminate at the Müllerian eminence in the primitive urogenital sinus.

In the female, they will develop to form the uterine tubes, uterus, and the upper portion of the vagina; in the male, the vestigial remnant is the appendix testis.

They are named after Johannes Peter Müller (1801-1858), a pioneering German physiologist and comparative anatomist who described these ducts in his text "Bildungsgeschichte der Genitalien" in 1830.

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: Müllerian duct development
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