Muscles of the tongue

Last revised by Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard on 29 May 2017

The muscles of the tongue are divided into 2 groups each comprising 4 muscles. They are classified as intrinsic (to the tongue) and extrinsic muscles. They allow for the complex movements of the tongue and are all innervated by the hypoglossal nerve (CN XII) except one:

Anatomy: Head and neck

Anatomy: Head and neck

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Cases and figures

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