Myometrial cysts

Myometrium cysts are cysts seen in the myometrium and these can be differentiated appropriately based on location and sonological or Doppler features.

Pathology

Causes
  1. adenomyosis: the cysts are most often seen in the endomyometrial junction region. They ideally are small < 5mm, however may be large. As it is a basic ectopic functioning endometrial gland, the cysts may be thick walled, have internal debris, or fluid fluid levels.
  2. arcuate veins: not really cysts but these cystic structures are classically seen in the outer third of the uterus and on Doppler would demonstrate a flow
  3. nabothian cysts in cervix: these are relatively common and are classically seen in the region of cervix.
  4. post-Caesarean cyst: seen in the lower uterine segment in the anterior aspect, near the cesarean scar. It most often will be associated with the wedge shaped defect in the endometrium.
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Article information

rID: 25382
System: Gynaecology
Section: Gamuts
Tags: cases, refs, stub
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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