Citation, DOI & article data
Occipital vertebrae are very rare anatomical variants that result from incomplete or aberrant fusion of occipital bone ossification centers. There is a broad spectrum of occipital vertebrae variations and the four most common include:
Symptoms are rare but may include:
- neck pain
- reduced movement at the atlanto-occipital joint
Plain radiography and CT help in the diagnosis of this condition in which a bony projection or arch is seen between the occipital bone and atlas.
- 1. Prescher A, Brors D, Adam G. Anatomic and radiologic appearance of several variants of the craniocervical junction. Skull Base Surg. 2011;6 (2): 83-94. Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 2. Yochum TR, Rowe LJ. Essentials of Skeletal Radiology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2005) ISBN:0781739462. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon