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Esophageal leiomyomatosis is rare benign condition.
It usually presents at childhood. There is a recognized increased female predilection.
It is considered a hamartomatous condition and is associated with abnormal diffuse proliferation of smooth muscle fibers in distal esophagus.
It may be associated with hereditary leiomyoma of the gastrointestinal tract in Alport syndrome.
History and etymology
This condition was first described by Hall in 1916 1.
- 1. Ray S, Saluja SS, Gupta R et-al. Esophageal leiomyomatosis - an unusual cause of pseudoachalasia. Can. J. Gastroenterol. 2008;22 (2): 187-9. Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 2. Rabushka LS, Fishman EK, Kuhlman JE et-al. Diffuse esophageal leiomyomatosis in a patient with Alport syndrome: CT demonstration. Radiology. 1991;179 (1): 176-8. Pubmed citation
- 3. Levine MS, Buck JL, Pantongrag-Brown L et-al. Esophageal leiomyomatosis. Radiology. 1996;199 (2): 533-6. Pubmed citation