Olivopontocerebellar degeneration

Olivopontocerebellar degeneration (OPCD) is a neurodegenerative disease, and one of the clinical manifestations of multiple systemic atrophy (MSA).

It is important to note that the current belief that olivopontocerebellar degeneration, Shy-Drager syndrome and striatonigral degeneration are different manifestations of the same underlying disease, namely multiple systemic atrophy (MSA), is recent, and as such many older publications will describe these as separate entities 2-3.

For a discussion of epidemiology and pathology, please refer to: multiple systemic atrophy (MSA).

Clinical presentation

Olivopontocerebellar degeneration presents predominantly with cerebellar and brainstem symptoms and signs. Typically ataxia and bulbar dysfunction are pronounced.  Given the predominance of cerebellar symptoms, it is classified under the MSA-C subtype of MSA.

Unlike Shy-Drager syndrome and striatonigral degeneration (the other two manifestations of MSA), autonomic dysfunction and parkinsonism are less prominent.

Radiographic features

MRI

There is disproportionate atrophy of the cerebellum and brainstem (especially olivary nuclei and middle cerebellar peduncle).


Neurodegenerative diseases

Neurodegenerative diseases are legion and their classification just as protean. A useful approach is to divide them according to underlying pathological process, although even using this schema, there is much overlap and thus resulting confusion.

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Article Information

rID: 7291
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA)
  • OPCD
  • OPCA
  • Dejerine-Thomas syndrome
  • MSA-C
  • Multiple System Atrophy with predominant cerebellar ataxia subtype
  • Olivopontocerebellar atrophy
  • Olivo-ponto-cerebellar degeneration

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