Ophthalmoplegia describes the abnormal eye movement that occurs because of paralysis of one or more of the six extraocular muscles involved in eye movements. Classification can be based on the cause of the ophthalmoplegia or the directions of the affected movements.

There are numerous causes of ophthalmoplegia that relate to deficiency or disease in any part of the system:

The cranial nerves involved in eye movement by innervation of the extraocular muscles are:

Article information

rID: 10412
System: Head & Neck
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Opthalmoplegia
  • Ophthalmoparesis

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