Optic tract

Dr Craig Hacking et al.

The optic tracts are the posterior continuation of the optic nerves after the medial (temporal field) fibers decussate at the optic chiasma.

The optic tracts course posterolaterally through the ambient cistern from the chiasma to the lateral geniculate nucleus of the thalamus. Most axons synapsis with this nucleus and carry visual fibres. A smaller proportion of axons branches off medially from the optic tract to course between the medial and lateral geniculate nuclei and towards the tectal plate to synapsis with the superior colliculus. This small branch, the superior brachium, carry fibres responsible for the light reflex.

The optic tracts are supplied by small branches of the anterior choroidal and PCom arteries whereas small branches of the ACA and the superior hypophyseal artery supply the chiasm and intracranial portion of the optic nerves.

Lesions compressing the tract classically produce the visual field defect of unilateral homonymous hemianopia, where there is loss of both right and left contralateral fields.


Neuroanatomy
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Article Information

rID: 52707
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Optic tracts
  • Superior brachium

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