Ossification centres of the foot

Primary ossification centres present at birth

Visible on x-ray from birth:

  • calcaneus: 6 months in utero
  • talus: 7 months in utero
  • cuboid: 9 months in utero
  • metatarsals: 9 weeks in utero
  • phalanxes: 3-10 months (proximal to distal)
Primary ossification centres developing after birth

Become visible on x-ray from:

  • lateral cuneiform: 1st year
  • medial cuneiform: 3rd year
  • intermediate cuneiforms and navicular: 4th year
Secondary ossification centres

At 3 years secondary ossification centres of the navicular, metatarsals and phalanges should have all appeared. The last secondary ossification centre to develop is the calcaneus appearing at 10 years.

Share article

Article Information

rID: 40790
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Updating… Please wait.
Loadinganimation

Alert accept

Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.