Ovarian-Adnexal Reporting and Data System (O-RADS)

Last revised by Yuranga Weerakkody on 20 Feb 2024

The Ovarian-Adnexal Imaging Reporting and Data System, (O-RADS), aims to ensure that there are uniform unambiguous sonographic and MRI evaluations of ovarian or other adnexal lesions, accurately assigning each lesion to a risk category of malignancy being present, and which informs the appropriate management that could be instituted. 

For risk stratification, the O-RADS system recommends six categories (O-RADS 0–5), incorporating the range from normal to high risk of malignancy. 

The reporting system advocated by O-RADS includes a standardized lexicon that provides a uniform language for describing the imaging characteristics of adnexal lesions. 

O-RADS evaluation dependent on modality are

History and etymology

O-RADS was developed by an international multidisciplinary committee, comprising clinicians and researchers from the fields of radiology, gynecology, pathology, and gynecologic oncology, and sponsored by the American College of Radiology (ACR). It was originally designed for sonographic evaluation, and the system was extended to include MRI evaluation.

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