Ovarian embryonal carcinoma

Ovarian embryonal carcinomas are rare and malignant germ cell tumours of the ovary.

It is found predominantly in children and adolescents (average age 14 years).

Precocious puberty or menstrual irregularity occurs in 60% 2. The tumor can secrete beta-hCG and/or AFP

Pure embryonal carcinoma is rare and embryonal carcinoma often occurs mixed with other malignant germ cell tumour types.

Predominantly solid, but nonspecific imaging features on ultrasound, CT, and MRI, that overlap with other germ cell tumours 3. Abnormal serum markers in the setting of an adolescent with a unilateral solid ovarian mass would put the tumour on a differential diagnosis.

For this malignant tumour, staging laparotomy and salpingo-oophorectomy is an accepted treatment, followed by chemotherapy.

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Article information

rID: 34172
Tag: cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Embryonal carcinoma of the ovary

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