Retrospective studies have suggested that many mucinous carcinomas initially diagnosed as primary to the ovary have in fact metastasised from another site 4.
- a development of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma has been very rarely associated with malignant transformation of a mature cystic teratoma 1
In general, the cell type (e.g. serous, mucinous) often cannot be determined on the basis of appearance at MR imaging, CT, or ultrasound 6. Biopsy or excision is necessary.
A mucinous ovarian carcinoma is less likely to be bilateral than serous carcinoma, with bilateral lesions occurring in 5-10% of the stage I cases.
Mucinous tumors are typically multilocular, with numerous smooth, thin-walled cysts. Mucoid material is found within the cysts, sometimes accompanied by haemorrhagic or cellular debris. A proportionately greater solid, nonfatty, non-fibrous tissue is often considered the most powerful predictor of malignancy 6.
- appearance is similar to an ovarian mucinous cystadenoma, but with mural thickening, solid components, or aggressive features.
CT may demonstrate high attenuation in some loculi due to the high protein content of the mucoid material
- the signal intensity of mucin on T1-weighted images varies depending on the degree of mucin concentration
- on T1-weighted images, loculi with watery mucin have a lower signal intensity than loculi with thicker mucin.
- on T2-weighted images, the corresponding signal intensities are flipped, so that loculi with watery mucin have high signal intensity and loculi with thicker mucin appear slightly hypointense.
The staging is the same as general ovarian cancer staging.
Treatment and prognosis
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- 1. Park JH, Whang SO, Song ES et-al. An ovarian mucinous cystadenocarcinoma arising from mature cystic teratoma with para-aortic lymph node metastasis: a case report. J Gynecol Oncol. 2008;19 (4): 275-8. doi:10.3802/jgo.2008.19.4.275 - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 2. Ulker V, Gedikbasi A, Numanoglu C et-al. Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising in ovarian mature cystic teratoma in pregnancy. Arch. Gynecol. Obstet. 2009;280 (2): 287-91. doi:10.1007/s00404-008-0878-y - Pubmed citation
- 3. Kawamoto S, Urban BA, Fishman EK. CT of epithelial ovarian tumors. Radiographics. 1999;19 Spec No : S85-102. - Pubmed citation
- 4. Zaino RJ, Brady MF, Lele SM et-al. Advanced stage mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ovary is both rare and highly lethal: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study. Cancer. 2011;117 (3): 554-62. doi:10.1002/cncr.25460 - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 5. Sholi A, Martino MA, Martino MM et-al. Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ovary. Semin. Oncol. 2010;37 (4): 314-20. doi:10.1053/j.seminoncol.2010.06.013 - Pubmed citation
- 6. Jeong YY, Outwater EK, Kang HK. Imaging evaluation of ovarian masses. Radiographics. 20 (5): 1445-70. Radiographics (full text) - Pubmed citation
Ultrasound - gynaecology
- ultrasound (introduction)
- acute pelvic pain
- chronic pelvic pain
- Mullerian duct anomalies
- ovarian follicle
- ovarian torsion
- pelvic inflammatory disease
- ovarian cysts and masses
- ovarian cyst
- corpus luteum
- haemorrhagic ovarian cyst
- ruptured ovarian cyst
- ovarian epithelial tumours
- granulosa cell tumours of the ovary
- paraovarian cyst
- polycystic ovaries
- ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
- post-hysterectomy ovary
- fallopian tube