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Pediatric abdomen (supine cross-table lateral view)

The supine cross-table lateral view is an additional projection to demonstrate the pediatric abdomen. As radiation dose is an important consideration for pediatric imaging, the horizontal beam lateral view is not often performed; although this will vary based on the department.

This view is ideal for neonates as free abdominal gas can be visualized without the neonate being erect. This view is also ideal for children who are unable to move from the supine position due to the possibility of bowel perforation 1

  • patient is supine
  • ensure no rotation of hips and shoulders
  • remove any radiopaque items (e.g. ECG dots, diaper, shiny decorative clothing)
  • take the x-ray in full inspiration
  • lateral projection
  • suspended inspiration (on observation)
  • centering point
    • the midcoronal plane at the level of the iliac crest
  • collimation
    • superior to the diaphragm
    • inferior to the inferior pubic rami
    • anteroposterior to include soft tissue edge
  • orientation
    • landscape
  • detector size
    • will vary depending on the child's body habitus
  • exposure 2
    • 60-75 kVp
    • 3-10 mAs
  • SID
    • 100 cm
  • grid
    • if patient thickness is above 10 cm, use of a grid is advisable 2
  • include the
    • diaphragms superiorly
    • inferior pubic rami inferiorly
    • skin edge anteroposteriorly to ensure inclusion of bowel and potential free air
  • the abdomen should be free from rotation
  • ideally no blurring of the bowel gas due to respiratory motion
  • it may be useful to position the patient so that they can see their parents in order to reduce anxiety
  • for neonates it is ideal to image them whilst they are calm or asleep
  • pediatric patients may feel uncomfortable when bony landmarks are felt for, therefore an appropriate explanation to the patient beforehand is ideal for improving patient comfort
  • to achieve sufficient inspiration, using child-appropriate language will be useful
    • e.g. 'breathe in as if you are about to go diving underwater!', 'breathe in as if you are about to blow out a birthday candle!'

It is important for the image to be free from movement artefact and rotation to avoid repeated x-rays.

  • it may be necessary for the parent or radiographer to stand with the patient or hold them in position
  • sometimes it is only necessary to keep the child's arms away from the abdominal area; in these cases, asking the child to hold onto something to their side (e.g. toy, mother's hand, pole) may be useful. 
  • techniques will vary based on the department

Article information

rID: 74024
System: Paediatrics
Section: Radiography
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Horizontal beam lateral view (pediatrics)
  • Horizontal beam lateral view (paediatrics)
  • Horizontal beam lateral projection (pediatrics)
  • Horizontal beam lateral projection (paediatrics)
  • Abdo x-ray horizontal beam lateral
  • Abdo x-ray cross table lateral
  • Lateral paediatric abdo

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: perforated necrotizing enterocolitis
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