Paracaval lipoma

Paracaval lipoma (a.k.a. juxtacaval fat collection or pseudolipoma of the inferior vena cava) is the apparent protrusion of paracaval fat into the inferior vena cava (IVC) and is commonly visible on CT; some believe it to be a normal anatomic variant 5

Paracaval lipoma may be seen in up to 0.5% of CT examinations 1.

It may be seen in patients with cirrhosis 4

The paracaval lipoma appearance is thought to be due to volume averaging through inwards and upwards indrawing of the posteromedial wall of the inferior vena cava as a result of negative pressure created within the thorax on inspiration 2.

Paracaval lipoma occurs at the medial aspect of the intrahepatic portion of the inferior vena cava (IVC) above the caudate lobe and represents pericaval fat appearing to invaginate into the inferior vena cava.

On imaging consider

Article information

rID: 6755
Tag: ivc, rg_2015
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Juxtacaval fat collection
  • Pseudolipoma of the inferior vena cava
  • Paracaval lipomas

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: paracaval lipoma
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  • Case 1
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  • Case 2
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