Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Frank Gaillard had no recorded disclosures.View Frank Gaillard's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Henry Knipe had the following disclosures:
- Integral Diagnostics, Shareholder (ongoing)
- Micro-X Ltd, Shareholder (ongoing)
These were assessed during peer review and were determined to not be relevant to the changes that were made.View Henry Knipe's current disclosures
Parinaud syndrome, also known as dorsal midbrain syndrome, is a supranuclear vertical gaze disturbance caused by compression of the superior tectal plate.
Parinaud syndrome is characterized by a classic triad of findings:
upward gaze palsy, often manifesting as diplopia
pupillary light-near dissociation (pupils respond to near stimuli, but not light)
Its importance lies in that recognition of Parinaud syndrome localizes pathology to impingement of (or origin in) the tectal plate, most frequently due to a posterior commissure or pineal region mass (typically solid tumors rather than pineal cysts).
History and etymology
Named after Henry Parinaud, a French ophthalmologist (1844-1905).
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- 3. Sciacca S, Lynch J, Davagnanam I, Barker R. Midbrain, Pons, and Medulla: Anatomy and Syndromes. Radiographics. 2019;39(4):1110-25. doi:10.1148/rg.2019180126 - Pubmed