Parvovirus B19 arthritis is one of the most common causes of viral arthritis and characterised as an acute onset symmetrical polyarthritis of small joints of hands and wrist which predominantly involves the carpal, metacarpophalyngeal, and proximal interphalangeal joints. Most common group of patients are adults who have close contacts with children like day care workers. Diffrentiation with rheumatoid arthritis is made by lack of marked increase in inflammtory markers and acute onset and short (less than six weeks) duration of the arthritis symptoms.
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