Pathological fracture

Pathological fractures are fractures that occur in abnormal bone. Although the term can be used in the setting of a generalized metabolic bone disease, it is usually reserved for fractures through a focal abnormality. The abnormality may be malignant or non-malignant in nature.

Pathological fractures are feared by oncologists because they may cause immobilisation of their patients, especially when the spine or lower extremities are affected.

A radiologist should mention the possibility of a pathological fracture if he or she sees osteolytic metastases. In principle, every osteolysis in the femoral neck or the spine are at risk to develop into pathological fractures.

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Article Information

rID: 6156
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Pathological fractures

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