Pellegrini-Stieda lesion

Pellegrini-Stieda lesions are ossified post-traumatic lesions at (or near) the medial femoral collateral ligament adjacent to the margin of the medial femoral condyle. One presumed mechanism of injury is a Stieda fracture (avulsion injury of the medial collateral ligament at the medial femoral condyle). Calcification usually begins to form a few weeks after the initial injury.

Most patients are asymptomatic while a small proportion will have medial knee pain (Pellegrini-Stieda syndrome).

Plain radiograph

Calcification adjacent to the medial femoral condyle, often linear in shape.

MRI

It appears as an ossicle or enthesophyte showing bone marrow signal at the medial femoral condyle. The medial collateral ligament is usually thickened.

Mild and moderate cases are often conservatively managed with steroid injections and range-of-motion exercises. Surgical excision of calcifications and MCL repair is considered mainly for refractory cases 3.

It is named after Italian surgeon Augusto Pellegrini (1877-1958) and German surgeon Alfred Stieda (1869-1945).

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Article Information

rID: 6967
Section: Pathology
Tags: knee, mcl, rfs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Pellegrini Stieda disease
  • Pellegrini-Stieda (PS) lesion
  • Pellegrini Stieda lesions
  • Steida fracture

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