Pericardial lipoblastoma

Pericardial lipoblastomas are rare benign tumours that usually occur in children less than 3 years of age. The originate from embryonic fat cells and are divided into two forms, based on location 1:

  1. superficial form: well circumscribed and well encapsulated
  2. deep form: not well circumscribed and infiltrative and termed lipomatosis.

For a general discussion please refer to the article on lipoblastomas.

Radiographic features

Ultrasound/Echocardiography

Pericardial lipoblastomas are echogenic compared to the adjacent cardiac tissue 1.

CT

Pericardial lipoblastomas are composed purely of fatty tissue (< 0 HU in density) and do not enhance 1.

MRI

The lesion exhibits high signal on T1 and T2 which becomes suppressed on fat suppression sequences 1.

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Article information

rID: 51081
System: Cardiac
Section: Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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