Peroneus tertius muscle

The peroneus tertius muscle, also known as fibularis tertius muscle, is a muscle of the anterior compartment of the leg, despite its name suggesting it is in the lateral compartment. It aids in dorsiflexion and eversion of the foot.

Its tendon passes anterior to the lateral malleolus (unlike peroneus brevis and longus which pass posterior), deep to the inferior extensor retinaculum to become enclosed in a common tendon sheath with the tendons of the extensor digitorum longus muscle.

It may be absent or associated with other peroneus accessory muscles.

The prevalence of the peroneus tertius muscle, determined by cadaveric dissection, has been found to be 93.2% 4.

Anatomy: Lower limb
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Article information

rID: 40284
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Fibularis tertius muscle
  • Fibularis tertius

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: peroneal tendons
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  • Figure 2: Gray's anatomy illustration
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