Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Nirav Kaneria had no recorded disclosures.View Nirav Kaneria's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Craig Hacking had the following disclosures:
- Philips Australia, Paid speaker at Philips Spectral CT events (ongoing)
These were assessed during peer review and were determined to not be relevant to the changes that were made.View Craig Hacking's current disclosures
There are multiple pharyngeal muscles that make up the structure of the pharynx. They comprise circular and longitudinal muscles whose overall function is to propel food into the esophagus. The circular muscles are known as the pharyngeal constrictors.
These muscles comprise the outer layer of musculature and act to constrict the walls of the pharynx during swallowing:
These muscles make up the inner layer of musculature - they act to elevate (shorten and widen) the pharynx and larynx during swallowing and speaking.