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At the time the article was created Yuranga Weerakkody had no recorded disclosures.View Yuranga Weerakkody's current disclosures
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A pleurobiliary fistulae refers to an abnormal fistulous communication between the biliary tree and pleural space. It forms the large portion of thoracobiliary fistulas and can occur in various situations such as with complications secondary to trauma, infection, malignancy, biliary disease, or percutaneous procedures.
Its presence may be suggested by the development of a right pleural effusion in a patient with a relevant clinical history.
A hepatobiliary/HIDA scan can be useful for confirmation.