Polyneuritis cranialis is often considered an oculopharyngeal subtype of Guillain-Barré syndrome, but the term has also been used for other subtypes of post-infectious and inflammatory polyneuritis (including diphteria, HIV, Lyme disease, sarcoidosis, post-chemotherapy, etc.) 1,2. The term was initially used for Guillain-Barré syndrome without limb weakness 1.
Although non specific and variable, the featured of polyneuritis cranialis include multiple cranial nerves enhancement3.
- 1. Wakerley BR, Yuki N. Polyneuritis cranialis: oculopharyngeal subtype of Guillain-Barré syndrome. Journal of neurology. 262 (9): 2001-12. doi:10.1007/s00415-015-7678-7 - Pubmed
- 2. Polo A, Manganotti P, Zanette G, De Grandis D. Polyneuritis cranialis: clinical and electrophysiological findings. Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry. 55 (5): 398-400. Pubmed
- 3. Saremi F, Helmy M, Farzin S et-al. MRI of cranial nerve enhancement. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005;185 (6): 1487-97. doi:10.2214/AJR.04.1518 - Pubmed citation