Post partum thyroiditis (PPT) is a type of thyroid inflammatory condition that precipitates following childbirth. It may also occur following a spontaneous or induced abortion.
The estimated incidence is thought to be around 5-9% of postpartum women. 3.
Patient's may be either hyperthyroid or hypothyroid. Some patient may be initially hyperthyroid followed by hypothyroid. It typically precipitates during the 1st year following childbirth.
- antithyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) antibodies: although 50% of anti-TPO positive women may not develop thyroid dysfunction
Imaging investigation of choice. There can be a variable appearance with the thyroid gland often appearing hypoechoic.
It may last from several weeks to several months. The condition is usually transient.
- thyroid inflammatory disease
- thyroid neoplasms
- thyroid nodules
- assessment of thyroid lesions
- postoperative assessment after thyroid cancer surgery
- ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of the thyroid
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