Postpartum thyroiditis

Postpartum thyroiditis (PPT) is a type of thyroid inflammatory condition that precipitates following childbirth. It may also occur following a spontaneous or induced abortion.

The estimated incidence is thought to be around 5-9% of postpartum women. 3.

Patient's may be either hyperthyroid or hypothyroid. Some patient may be initially hyperthyroid followed by hypothyroid. It typically precipitates during the 1st year following childbirth.

  • antithyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) antibodies: although 50% of anti-TPO positive women may not develop thyroid dysfunction

Imaging investigation of choice. There can be a variable appearance with the thyroid gland often appearing hypoechoic.

It may last from several weeks to several months. The condition is usually transient. 


Thyroid pathology
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Article information

rID: 37136
System: Head & Neck
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Post partum thyroiditis (PPT)
  • Postpartum thyroid dysfunction (PPTD)
  • Postpartum thyroid dysfunction
  • Post-partum thyroid dysfunction (PPTD)
  • Postpartum thyroiditis

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