Preconception and prenatal diagnostic techniques act

Preconception and prenatal diagnostic techniques (prohibition of sex selection) act (PCPNDT) is a statute enacted to stop the female foeticide that has resulted in declining female sex ratio in India.

As per census 2011, adult sex ratio in India is 943 females per 1000 males and child sex ratio is 919 females per 1000 males.

In 1994, PNDT act was formed which came into effect on 1st January 1996. However, there were frequent advances in science and preconceptional sex selection became possible. To include this, amendments were made in the act and in 2003 it was renamed as PCPNDT act.

The act is strict in its rules:

  • absolute prohibition of sex determination/selection
    • no communication can be made about the sex of the fetus in any manner
  • the techniques must be conducted by qualified persons only
  • every centre/institute conducting these tests must be registered under the act
    • applications are sent for registration to appropriate authority (AA) by filling form A with an application fee of 3000-4000 (INR)
      • approved applicants will receive form B as a certificate that must be displayed in the centre, the certificate is valid for five years
        • one month before the expiry of the certificate, renewal request should be sent in form A to the appropriate authority
      • rejected applicants will receive a form C as rejection certificate
  • before conducting a test, appropriate form must be filled, which in case of sonography is form F (patient details, indication of the test, patient's declaration that she does not want to know the sex of fetus, doctor's declaration that he/she has not determined/conveyed the sex of fetus, etc) 
    • all the records (including referral slips) must be maintained
    • form F specifies 23 indications under which sonography/sonographically assisted invasive procedures can be done
    • a complete report of all such tests conducted in a month must be sent to the AA by 5th day of the subsequent month
  • any change in equipment, employee or address must be informed to AA
  • every centre/institute must display a notice delineating that sex determination/selection is prohibited under law
    • a copy of the act and rules must be available in the centre/institute
  • prohibition of sale of equipments/machines etc to anyone who is not registered under the act

Anyone not fulfilling the rules is punishable under the act.

  • if need may, appeals against the decision of the authorities may be made to the higher authority (see implementing authorities below)
  • central supervisory board (CSB)
  • state/union territory supervisory board (SSB/UTSB)
  • advisory committee and appropriate authorities at three levels
    • state
    • district
    • sub-district
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Article information

rID: 36736
System: Obstetrics
Tags: india, pcpndt, pndt
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • PNDT
  • PCPNDT

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