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The pyrimidalis muscle is a small paired triangular muscle of the lower anterior abdominal wall that is rudimentary and variably present in humans.
- origin: pubic symphysis and pubic crest
- insertion: linea alba at the midway point between umbilicus and pubis
- innervation: ventral T12 spinal nerve (variable)
- action: uncertain; thought to tense the linea alba
The pyramidalis muscle has its origin from the bony pelvis, where it is attached to the pubic symphysis and pubic crest. The fibers run superiorly and medially to insert into the linea alba at a point midway between umbilicus and pubis.
The nerve supply to the muscle is from ventral part of T12 spinal segment although this has been reported as being quite variable 3.
- absent in ~20% of cases (reported range of absence is 10-70%) 3
- may be present only unilaterally
- 1. Gillenwater JY, Grayhack JT, Howards SS et-al. Adult and pediatric urology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN:0781732204. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. Greenfield's Surgery: Scientific Principles & Practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN:1605473553. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. Lovering RM, Anderson LD. Architecture and fiber type of the pyramidalis muscle. Anat Sci Int. 2008;83 (4): 294-7. doi:10.1111/j.1447-073X.2007.00226.x - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation