Rachischisis (somtimes known as complete spina bifida) refers to a severe form of spina bifida where there is a cleft through the entire spine.
There is often a severe or complete defect involving the entire spine from the cervical region through to the sacrum.
A rachischisis often occurs in association cranial neural tube defects such as:
A rachischisis is almost always fatal.
History and etymology
The term rachischisis derives from the Greek words rachi meaning spine and schisis meaning split.
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Congenital spinal abnormalities
- spinal dysraphism