Radial collateral ligament of the wrist
Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Joachim Feger had no recorded disclosures.View Joachim Feger's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Calum Worsley had no recorded disclosures.View Calum Worsley's current disclosures
The radial collateral ligament or radioscaphoid ligament is one of the intracapsular, extrinsic radiocarpal ligaments and a radial stabilizer of the wrist 1-3.
The radial collateral ligament connects the radial styloid process with the scaphoid running in a fan-shaped, fairly longitudinal orientation forming the most radial part of the radiocarpal joint capsule. It is located deep to abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons 1-6.
The proximal insertion or origin of the radial collateral ligament is the radial styloid process, radially and slightly dorsally located to the origin of the radioscaphocapitate ligament 1-3.
The radial collateral ligament inserts distally at the radial surface of the scaphoid bone 1-5.
The radial collateral ligament can be visualized on ultrasound with the transducer placed at the radial side of the pronated wrist with mild ulnar deviation in the longitudinal plane. The long axis of the ligament is displayed as an echogenic, fibrillar structure attaching the distal radius to the scaphoid 2-4.
The radial collateral ligament is seen on MRI as a linear low signal intensity structure extending from radial styloid to the radial surface of the scaphoid bone. It can be best appreciated on coronal 3D images or MR arthrogram 4.
The ligament is involved in the following pathologic conditions 6:
- nondissociative carpal instability (CIND)
- 1. Mayfield J, Johnson R, Kilcoyne R. The Ligaments of the Human Wrist and Their Functional Significance. Anat Rec. 1976;186(3):417-28. doi:10.1002/ar.1091860307 - Pubmed
- 2. Türker T, Sheppard J, Klauser A, Johnston S, Amerongen H, Taljanovic M. The Radial and Ulnar Collateral Ligaments of the Wrist Are True Ligaments. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2019;25(6):473-9. doi:10.5152/dir.2019.19036 - Pubmed
- 3. Gitto S & Draghi F. Normal Sonographic Anatomy of the Wrist With Emphasis on Assessment of Tendons, Nerves, and Ligaments. J Ultrasound Med. 2016;35(5):1081-94. doi:10.7863/ultra.15.06105 - Pubmed
- 4. Taljanovic M, Goldberg M, Sheppard J, Rogers L. US of the Intrinsic and Extrinsic Wrist Ligaments and Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex--Normal Anatomy and Imaging Technique. Radiographics. 2011;31(1):e44. doi:10.1148/rg.e44 - Pubmed
- 5. H. Yoshioka, J. Sutherland, W. Wu et al. High-Resolution MR Imaging of the Ulnar and Radial Collateral Ligaments of the Wrist. European Congress of Radiology - ECR 2015. 2015. https://epos.myesr.org/poster/esr/ecr2015/C-0123
- 6. Khan M, Lim WY, Resnick D. Carpal Instability. Radsource – June 2012 MRI Web Clinic