Raghib syndrome is a rare developmental complex, which consists of
- persistence of the left superior vena cava along with
- coronary sinus ostial atresia and
- atrial septal defect.
It has also been associated with other congenital malformations including ventricular septal defects, enlargement of the tricuspid annulus, and pulmonary stenosis.
- 1. Kim H, Choe YH, Park SW et-al. Partially unroofed coronary sinus: MDCT and MRI findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010;195 (5): W331-6. doi:10.2214/AJR.09.3689 - Pubmed citation
- 2. RAGHIB G, RUTTENBERG HD, ANDERSON RC et-al. TERMINATION OF LEFT SUPERIOR VENA CAVA IN LEFT ATRIUM, ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT, AND ABSENCE OF CORONARY SINUS; A DEVELOPMENTAL COMPLEX. Circulation. 1996;31: 906-18. Pubmed citation