Retrolental fibroplasia

Retrolental fibroplasia (also known as retinopathy of prematurity) is an ocular condition seen in the infant population. It often occurs bilaterally although usually with significant asymmetry 1


There is often a history of premature delivery, low birth weight, and/or prolonged ventilatory support.


It occurs due to traction retinal detachment as a result of regression of the neo-vascularization secondary to the prolonged oxygen therapy. It mostly involves the temporal side of the globe.

Radiographic features

The globes are usually asymmetrically small or even normal. Calcification can occur but is rare.

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Article information

rID: 10403
System: Head & Neck
Tags: eye, refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Retinopathy of prematurity

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