Saddle joint

Dr Andrew Dixon et al.

Saddle joints are a type of synovial joint that allow articulation by reciprocal reception. Both bones have concave-convex articular surfaces which interlock like two saddles opposed to one another.  


Saddle joints allow movement with two degrees of freedom much like condyloid joints. They allow flexion / extension, abduction / adduction and therefore also allow circumduction. Unlike ball and socket joints, saddle joints do not allow axial rotation.  

  • flexion / extension
  • abduction / adduction
  • cirumduction
Anatomy: General

Article information

rID: 42716
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Sellar joint
  • Saddle joints
  • Sellar joints
  • Articulation by reciprocal reception
  • Double plane joints
  • Double plane joint

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Cases and figures

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