Scaphocephaly

Last revised by Dr Daniel J Bell on 14 Oct 2021

Scaphocephaly (also known as dolichocephaly) is the most common form of craniosynostosis, where premature closure of the sagittal suture results in an impediment to the lateral growth of the skull while anteroposterior growth continues, producing a classic elongated, yet narrow, skull. 

Scaphocephaly accounts for approximately 50% of all cases of craniosynostosis and has a male predilection with an M:F ratio of 3:1.

Scaphocephaly, results from premature closure of the sagittal suture, so that lateral growth of the skull is prevented whilst anteroposterior growth continues, producing a narrow and elongated cranium. 

  • primary
  • secondary
    • hematologic disorders
    • metabolic disorders
    • bone dysplasias
    • syndromes

Treatment is often with a cranioplasty. In contrast to other craniosynostoses, there is near normal IQ and no hydrocephalus.

The term is derived from the Ancient Greek words "skaphe" meaning a light boat and "kephale" meaning head and describes an elongated head resembling an inverted boat.

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1
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  • Case 2: sagittal synostosis
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  • Case 3
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  • Case 4
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  • Case 5
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  • Case 6
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  • Case 8
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  • Case 9
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  • Case 10
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  • Case 11
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  • Case 12
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