Scaphocephaly

Scaphocephaly (also known as dolichocephaly) is the most common form of craniosynostosis, where premature closure of the sagittal suture results in impediment to lateral growth of the skull while anteroposterior growth continues, producing a narrow elongated skull. Causes are primary, or secondary to certain haematologic disorders, metabolic disorders, bone dysplasias and syndromes. 

Epidemiology

There is a 3:1 male predominance. 

Pathology

Associations

Treatment and prognosis

Treatment is often with a cranioplasty. In contrast to other craniosynostoses there is near normal IQ and no hydrocephalus.

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Article Information

rID: 2020
Section: Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Dolichocephaly
  • Sagittal synostosis

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