Scaphoid series

The scaphoid series is comprised of a posteroanterior, oblique, lateral and angled posteroanterior projection. The series examines the carpal bones focused mainly on the scaphoid. It also examines the radiocarpal and distal radiocarpal joint along with the distal radius and ulna. Scaphoid fractures are often a result of FOOSH injuries and have a bad prognosis if missed, often if a scaphoid fracture is suspected and not seen on plain film, a follow-up will be requested for 7-10 days time 1

Indications

Scaphoid x-rays are indicated for a variety of settings including:

Projections

Standard projections
  • PA view
    • ulnar deviation to remove the scaphoid from the radius and present its axis longitudinally
    • the best view to inspect the joint spaces of the carpal bones and the distal radio-ulnar joint
  • PA view angled
    • ulnar deviation to remove the scaphoid from the radius and present its axis longitudinally
    • tube angulation to present the scaphoid en face
  • oblique view
    • external oblique projection 
  • lateral view 
    • projection 90° to the PA view
    • demonstrates multiple carpal bones overlapping
    • the essential view to assessing the alignment of the radius, lunate, and capitate in the setting of a suspected dislocation
Modified trauma projections
  • horizontal beam lateral view
    • modified lateral projection that requires little to no patient movement
    • produces a diagnostic lateral projection without risking patient pain
Additional projections

Radiographic views
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Article Information

rID: 35236
Section: Radiography
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Scaphoid series x rays

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Cases and Figures

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    Figure 1: PA view
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    Figure 2: oblique view
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    Figure 3: lateral view
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    Figure 4: PA view with ulna deviation
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    Figure 5: clenched fist view
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