SCIWORA is the abbreviation of spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality 1,2. This can be an indication for MRI when there is a persisting, objective myelopathy after a traumatic event with normal plain film and CT findings. It accounts for ~10% of spinal cord injuries.
It tends to occur in the paediatric population.
History and etymology
Initially described by Pang et al, in 1982 1,2.
- 1. Gelbman AI, Maydew MS. Cervical laminar torus fracture in a child. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2001;176 (3): 769-70. doi:10.2214/ajr.176.3.1760769 - Pubmed citation
- 2. Kothari P, Freeman B, Grevitt M et-al. Injury to the spinal cord without radiological abnormality (SCIWORA) in adults. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2000;82 (7): 1034-7. Pubmed citation
- 3. Szwedowski D, Walecki J. Spinal Cord Injury without Radiographic Abnormality (SCIWORA) - Clinical and Radiological Aspects. Pol J Radiol. 2014;79: 461-4. doi:10.12659/PJR.890944 - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation