Scleritis

Scleritis refers to inflammation of the sclera. It has a wide range of causes.

It can affect age group but usually those between ages 30 and 50. There is a recognised increased female predilection (F:M of around 2:1).

Information on the pathogenesis of scleritis is limited due to not much published data. However a predominant role for T cells in the inflammatory process has been postulated 1.

Associations

Scleritis can be associated with several systemic infective as well as non infective systemic conditions which include 1

Classification

One classification system is the Watson and Hayreh system which divides scleritis into anterior and posterior forms based upon the anatomic distribution.

  • anterior scleritis
    • diffuse anterior scleritis
    • nodular anterior scleritis
    • necrotising anterior scleritis with inflammation
    • scleromalacia perforans (necrotising anterior scleritis without Inflammation)
  • posterior scleritis
Ocular ultrasound

Ocular ultrasound may play a role in the diagnosis and management of posterior scleritis.

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Article information

rID: 37414
System: Head & Neck
Section: Pathology
Tags: cases, orbit
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Inflammation of the sclera
  • Scleral inflammatory disease

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