Sclerosing osteomyelitis of Garré
Sclerosing osteomyelitis of Garré is a specific type of chronic osteomyelitis. It mainly affects children and young adults. It typically affects the mandible and is commonly associated with an odontogenic infection resulting from dental caries.
A localised overgrowth of bone on the outer surface of the cortex. This mass of bone, which is supracortical but subperiosteal, is smooth, fairly calcified, and is often described as a duplication of the cortical layer of the mandible.
The redundant cortical layering of the bone (onion skinning) is often considered a pathognomonic feature 8.
History and etymology
It was first described by Carl Garre in 1893 6.
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- 6. Garré C. Ueber besondre Formen und Folgezustande d. akuten infekt. Osteomyelitis Beitr z klin Chir. 1893;10:257
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- 8. Suma R, Vinay C, Shashikanth MC et-al. Garre's sclerosing osteomyelitis. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2007;25 Suppl : S30-3. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent (link) - Pubmed citation