Seminal vesicle amyloidosis

Dr Joachim Feger et al.

Seminal vesicle amyloidosis refers to the deposition of amyloid in the seminal vesicles and can occur as organ-limited amyloidosis and/or as part of systemic amyloidosis.

Amyloid deposition in the seminal vesicles is apparently commonly seen in elderly men with a prevalence ranging from 16%-21% is more commonly seen in the localized form 1-3. It has been also reported in up to 10% of radical prostatectomy specimens.

Clinically seminal vesicle amyloidosis can present with hematospermia.

Amyloid deposits of the seminal vesicles occur characteristically in the subepithelium or the lamina propria with the involvement of both seminal vesicles in the localized form. On the other side amyloid deposits in vessel walls or within the muscular tissue indicates systemic amyloidosis 1,3.

In the seminal vesicles, amyloid is apparently derived from semenogelin 1, which is a secretory product of the seminal vesicles and is thought to have a role in the localized form 4.

Amyloidosis is characterized by the deposition of amyloid fibrils in the extracellular space which appears as an apple-green birefringence under polarized light and can be positively stained with Congo red 1. Beyond that amyloid looks like an amorphous pale eosinophilic substance that often features cracks.

Immunohistochemistry stains are usually positive for AP protein in localized amyloidosis. Tryptophan was

Imaging features of seminal vesicle amyloidosis on magnetic resonance imaging show some similarities with seminal vesicle invasion and include:

  • wall thickening
  • luminal narrowing

Other than seminal vesicle invasion seminal vesicle amyloidosis does not tend to show any diffusion restriction or early contrast enhancement 5.

  • T1: hyperintense
  • T2: hypointense walls
  • DWI: lack of diffusion restriction
  • DCE (Gd): lack of normal enhancement

The radiological report should include a description of the following:

  • luminal narrowing
  • associated findings of the prostate

There are diverse descriptions of amyloid in the seminal vesicles in the 1920s e.g. by M Winkelmann in 1927 6.

Conditions that may mimic the clinical presentation or imaging appearance of  2-4:

Article information

rID: 88462
System: Urogenital
Tag: case3
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Seminal tract amyloidosis
  • Senile seminal vesicle amyloidosis
  • Amyloid of the seminal vesicles
  • Amyloidosis of the seminal vesicles

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