Sex cord stromal tumors of the testis

Sex cord stromal tumors of the testis are uncommon testicular neoplasms. Although ~90% of these tumors are benign, they cannot be differentiated from testicular malignancies on imaging, and are therefore usually discovered after orchiectomy.


Uncommon testicular neoplasms with mildly increased incidence in pediatric patients

  • 4% of all testicular neoplasms
  • 11%, if <12 years old.


These tumors arise from cells that form the sex cords (Sertoli cells) and those that form the testicular stroma (Leydig cells).

Ultrasound - testicular and scrotal

Article information

rID: 33484
System: Urogenital
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Sex cord tumours of the testis
  • Stromal tumours of the testis
  • Sex cord tumors of the testis
  • Stromal tumors of the testis
  • Testicular sex cord stromal tumours
  • Testicular sex cord stromal tumors

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