Short gut syndrome

Short gut syndrome also is known as short bowel syndrome, is a kind of malabsorption disorder due to functional loss or loss of a portion of the small or large intestine during congenital deficiency (necrotizing enterocolitis) or acquired conditions and It is classified as a rare disease by the European Medicines Agency.

Clinical presentations

Signs and symptoms are based on pathology and length of the damaged portion but common findings are:

  • diarrhea
  • weight loss
  • failure to grieve
  • dehydration
  • abdominal pain
  • malnutrition
  • steatorrhea

Treatments and prognosis

In newborn infants, the 4-year survival rate on parenteral nutrition is approximately 70%. In newborn infants with less than 10% of expected intestinal length, 5-year survival is approximately 20% 1. There is no specific cure for that but transplantation is one of the common treatment methods. medicine such as:

  • vitamin and mineral supplements
  • antacid medicine
  • anti-diarrheal medicine
  • intravenous fluids

These measures can be helpful for management of critically ill patients.

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Article information

rID: 67926
Section: Syndromes
Tag: refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Short bowel syndrome

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