Short gut syndrome also is known as short bowel syndrome, is a kind of malabsorption disorder due to functional loss or loss of a portion of the small or large intestine during congenital deficiency (necrotizing enterocolitis) or acquired conditions and It is classified as a rare disease by the European Medicines Agency.
Signs and symptoms are based on pathology and length of the damaged portion but common findings are:
- weight loss
- failure to grieve
- abdominal pain
Treatments and prognosis
In newborn infants, the 4-year survival rate on parenteral nutrition is approximately 70%. In newborn infants with less than 10% of expected intestinal length, 5-year survival is approximately 20% 1. There is no specific cure for that but transplantation is one of the common treatment methods. medicine such as:
- vitamin and mineral supplements
- antacid medicine
- anti-diarrheal medicine
- intravenous fluids
These measures can be helpful for management of critically ill patients.
- 1.Spencer AU, Neaga A, West B, Safran J, Brown P, Btaiche I, Kuzma-O'Reilly B, Teitelbaum DH. Pediatric short bowel syndrome: redefining predictors of success. (2005) Annals of surgery. 242 (3): 403-9; discussion 409-12. Pubmed