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Shoulder impingement describes a group of conditions characterized by the entrapment of musculoskeletal soft tissue within the shoulder, which primarily results in pain. The catching of the affected structures may be structural and/or functional in etiology 2.
Types of shoulder impingement include 1,2:
- subacromial impingement: most common
- subcoracoid impingement: affects subscapularis
- posterosuperior impingement: involves infraspinatus
- anterosuperior inner impingement