There are many shoulder ligaments which each play an important role in joint stabilization to various degrees.
- glenohumeral ligaments (GHL): superior, middle and inferior ligaments, connect the glenoid to the anatomical neck of the humerus, and play an important role in the stabilization of the anterior shoulder joint.
- coracoacromial ligament (CAL): links the coracoid with the acromion, to form the middle of the coracoacromial arch. Thickening of this ligament can cause impingement.
- coracoclavicular ligaments (CCL): trapezoid and conoid ligaments, run between clavicle and coracoid. They are small ligaments, however are strong and can carry a large load and play an important role in keeping scapula attached to the clavicle.
- transverse humeral ligament (THL): spans the distance between the greater and lesser tubercles, holding the tendon of the long head of biceps in place inside the tubercular groove.