Sigmoid mesocolon hernia

Dr Henry Knipe and Dr Bruno Di Muzio et al.

Intersigmoid hernias, also known as sigmoid mesocolon hernias, occur when small bowel loops protrude into a peritoneal pocket (intersigmoid fossa) formed between two adjacent sigmoid segments and their mesentery.

Epidemiology

Sigmoid mesocolon hernias account for ~5% of all internal hernias 1-2.

Pathology

Sigmoid mesocolon hernias are divided by some authors into three categories 1,3:

  • intersigmoid hernia
  • transmesosigmoid hernia
  • intermesosigmoid hernia

It is difficult, maybe impossible, to distinguish these subtypes preoperatively with no clear radiographic sign identified to distinguish among the three subtypes 1-2. Thus, most radiologists and surgeons just refer to intersigmoid hernias, rather than trying to distinguish between them.

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Article information

rID: 20681
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Intersigmoid hernia
  • Sigmoid mesocolon hernias
  • Transmesosigmoid hernia
  • intermesosigmoid hernia
  • Intersigmoid hernias
  • Intersigmoid herniaion
  • Sigmoid mesocolon herniation

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    Case 1 : intersigmoid hernia
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