Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Daniel J Bell had no recorded disclosures.View Daniel J Bell's current disclosures
Historically all radiographic film media employed silver salts as part of the image-producing process. Although the vast majority of radiology departments in the developed world are now filmless there is still a very large amount of traditional x-ray film in film libraries and storage. Also, many dental and veterinary practices continue to use film as the financial investment to move to filmless systems is often difficult to justify.
In the past, the x-ray film was initially incinerated, and then the ash melted to recover the silver. The resulting silver then had to pass through several stages of purification. The process was inefficient, costly, and environmentally unfriendly.
The commonest process now used is called "wash". The film is shredded and placed in large baths of a chemical reagent e.g. cyanide solution. The cyanide leaches the silver from the film. The silver is then removed from the solution by electrolysis.
The plastic substrate, usually polyethylene terephthalate (PET), can then be recycled.
- 1. Masebinu SO, Muzenda E. Review of silver recovery techniques from radiographic effluent and X-ray film waste. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2014 Vol II WCECS 2014, 22-24 October, 2014, San Francisco, USA http://www.iaeng.org/publication/WCECS2014/WCECS2014_pp613-617.pdf