Slit ventricle syndrome is defined as the radiological appearance of slit-like ventricles on CT and MRI images in patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Mild forms are seen in adults and more severe forms are seen in children. Patients must be symptomatic to be diagnosed with slit ventricle syndrome.
The exact aetiology behind slit ventricle syndrome is debatable and include 3:
- intermittent proximal catheter obstruction with collapsed ventricles
- shunt obstruction resulting with increased intracranial pressure from non-compliant ventricles
CT and MRI
Small ventricles with a characteristic slit-like appearance. Only diagnosed if the patient is symptomatic.
- 1. Jun, Byung Yoon, et al. "Slit Ventricle Syndrome." Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 16.4 (1987): 1241-1246.
- 2. Hyde-Rowan MD, Rekate HL, Nulsen FE. Reexpansion of previously collapsed ventricles: the slit ventricle syndrome. J. Neurosurg. 1982;56 (4): 536-9. doi:10.3171/jns.1982.56.4.0536 - Pubmed citation
- 3. Neurosurgical Emergencies. Thieme. ISBN:158890394X. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon