Speed displacement artifact

Speed displacement artifact is a gray scale ultrasound finding that can be identified as an area of focal discontinuity and displacement of an echo deeper than that its actual position in an imaged structure.  The artifact is due to the image processor's assumption that the velocity of the ultrasound beam within the imaged anatomy is uniform and that distance of the structure from the transducer is the sole factor determining that structure's location1.  However, objects imaged by portions of the ultrasound beam slowed by tissue the beam traverses, will appear discontinuous and artificially deep.  A commonly encountered scenario is speed displacement artifact due to slowing of the ultrasound beam by focal fat.

See also

Physics and imaging technology: ultrasound
Ultrasound - general index
Share article

Article information

rID: 31692
Section: Physics
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Speed displacement artefacts
  • Speed displacement artefacts
  • Propagation velocity artefacts

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Cases and figures

  • Case 1: speed displacement artifact
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.

     Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

     Thank you for updating your details.