Spinal cord injury (SCI) can be traumatic or non-traumatic (i.e. neoplastic/stenosis) but the syndromes associated with spinal cord injury can be seen in all aetiologies.
Injury to the spinal cord can be incomplete or complete and depends upon the mechanism of injury. This is important as different types of injuries result in different clinical outcomes. According to the clinical features, spinal cord injuries can be classified into six subsets:
- central cord syndrome
- Brown-Séquard syndrome
- anterior cord syndrome
- posterior cord syndrome
- conus medullaris syndrome
- cauda equina syndrome
Spinal cord injuries may result in potential disability and chronic functional impairment, which is why early recognition of injury type as well as their functional outcome are of extreme importance in management and treatment.
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