Spinal dysraphism is a broad term given to a group of anomalies where there are malformations in the dorsum of the embryo. Neural tube defects come under this group as well.
There is often abnormal fusion of the midline embryonic neural, vertebral and mesenchymal structures.
Spinal dysraphism can be broadly divided to into two different pathological entities 4:
- open spinal dysraphism
- closed spinal dysraphism
Congenital spinal abnormalities
- spinal dysraphism
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