Spinal dysraphism

Dr Daniel J Bell and Radswiki et al.

Spinal dysraphism is a broad term given to a group of anomalies where there are malformations in the dorsum of the embryo. Neural tube defects come under this group as well. 

Pathology

The neural tube is formed by the lengthwise closure of the neural plate, in the dorsum of the embryo.

The upper part of the neural tube forms the forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain. The lower part of the neural tube forms the spinal canal. Dysraphism results when the neural plate does not fuse completely in its lower section. 

Subtypes

Spinal dysraphism can be broadly divided into two different pathological entities 4:

Associations

Associated abnormalities of mesenchymal development occur often. Hence, lipomas and/or teratomas may be associated with any type.  

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Article information

rID: 14966
Section: Gamuts
Tag: cases, cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Spinal dysraphisms

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: diastematomyelia with dorsal dermal sinus
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