Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Donna D'Souza had no recorded disclosures.View Donna D'Souza's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Travis Fahrenhorst-Jones had no financial relationships to ineligible companies to disclose.View Travis Fahrenhorst-Jones's current disclosures
Origin and course
The splenic artery is one of the terminal branches of the celiac trunk, passing left from the celiac axis across the left crus of the diaphragm and left psoas muscle. It is a tortuous artery, running superior to the pancreas before turning forward into the splenorenal ligament to the hilum of the spleen. The splenic vein accompanies it inferoposteriorly.
Near the splenic hilum the splenic artery divides into superior and inferior terminal branches, with each terminal branch further dividing into four to six intrasplenic segmental branches.
Branches and supply
supply neck, body, and tail of the pancreas
arising before the splenic artery enters the splenic hilum
run in the gastrosplenic ligament to supply the fundus and upper part of greater curvature of the stomach, and anastomose with the left gastric artery over the fundus
supplies cardia and fundal regions of the stomach
runs in the greater omentum along the greater curvature of the stomach to anastomose with the right gastroepiploic artery
separate origin from the abdominal aorta rather than the celiac trunk (~8%)
History and etymology
In the past, it was called lienal artery 4.